Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine News from around the World

The Drums Of BIO 2015: Dollars, Nano and Data

 By Louis Garguilo,

Three sounds among the drumbeat of discussions at BIO 2015 in Philadelphia reverberated most for me.  
The first came from the bass drum of money: Investment opportunities, private funding, IPOs, low interest rates ... but darkening macroeconomics. “Partnerships” sounded more like “payerships,” as financiers, biotechs, and specialty and big pharma, search for ways to fund novel ideas and bankroll products through development to commercial.
Next were the razor-sharp tones of the nanotechnology snare drum. With the arrival of nanobio, nanomedicine, and nano-a-lot-of-areas collectively, a third pillar of our part of the healthcare sector has emerged: now it’s Pharma, Bio, and Nano. This maturing technology may redefine what we think of as “medicine,” how we deliver drugs, and fight disease.
And hitting the cymbals with ringing exclamation was “the whole digital field interacting with pharma and bio,” as described by Monika Lessl, Ph.D., VP, Head of Innovation at Bayer AG.

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Light-weight ceramic materials a model for lighter armor

A new model that describes the granular material response more accurately by studying the stress state at which a variety of ceramics fail as reported in the literature by various research teams.

The power of perovskite

Researchers improved perovskite-based technology in the entire energy cycle, from solar cells harnessing power to LED diodes to light the screens of future electronic devices and other lighting applications.

Discovery could lead to new catalyst design to reduce nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust

Researchers have discovered a new reaction mechanism that could be used to improve catalyst designs for pollution control systems to further reduce emissions of smog-causing nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust.

Gold nanostars and immunotherapy vaccinate mice against cancer

New treatment cures, vaccinates mouse in small proof-of-concept study.

Super-photostable fluorescent labeling agent for super-resolution microscopy

A powerful tool for 3D and multicolor STED imaging of cellular ultrastructure.

Researchers print graphene-like materials with inkjet

New black phosphorous inks are compatible with conventional inkjet printing techniques for optoelectronics and photonics.

Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat graphene

Researchers have discovered a new use for sparkling water that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials - graphene.

Researchers produce smart fabric to neutralize nerve gas

A groundbreaking development has the potential to thwart chemical warfare agents: smart textiles with the ability to rapidly detect and neutralize nerve gas.

Spray-on electric rainbows: Making safer electrochromic inks

An innovation with water allows electrochromic conjugated polymer films to be applied more safely.

Boron nitride foam soaks up carbon dioxide

Materials scientists have created a light foam from two-dimensional sheets of hexagonal-boron nitride (h-BN) that absorbs carbon dioxide.

Candy cane supercapacitor could enable fast charging of mobile phones

Supercapacitors promise recharging of phones and other devices in seconds and minutes as opposed to hours for batteries. But current technologies are not usually flexible, have insufficient capacities, and for many their performance quickly degrades with charging cycles. Researchers now have found a way to improve all three problems in one stroke.

Gold shines through properties of nanobio sensors

Researchers have shown that the fluorescence is an intrinsic property of the gold nanoparticles themselves.

Nanoengineers show how micromotors treat a bacterial infection in the stomach

These micromotors swim rapidly throughout the stomach while neutralizing gastric acid and then release their cargo of antibiotics at the desired pH.

Research team images tiny quasicrystals as they form

For the first time, researchers see a quasicrystal structure in nanoparticles, which had never been seen before.

Defeating cyberattacks on 3-D printers

Researchers develop three methods to defend against sneaky attacks.

Nanotechnology gives green energy a green color

Research have created green solar panels using soft imprint lithography to print an array of nanocylinders that scatter green light.

Reactions in nanocontainers - towards the world's smallest coaxial cable

This miniscule wire - comprising a carbon nanotube located inside a boron nitride nanotube - can be produced on a preparative scale and may represent an important step towards the miniaturisation of electronic devices.

Killing bacteria by hacking plastics with silver nanoparticles and electricity

Researchers have developed an innovative way of hacking conducting plastics so as to prevent bacterial growth using silver nanoparticles and a small electrical current.

Polystyrene makes next-generation of solar panels even cheaper

Scientists are using polystyrene particles rather than expensive polymers to make the next generation of solar cells, which are used to make solar panels, more stable and even cheaper.

Atomically thin layers bring spintronics closer to applications

Researchers have created a graphene-based device, in which electron spins can be injected and detected with unprecedented efficiency. The result is a hundredfold increase of the spin signal, big enough to be used in real life applications, such as new spin transistors and spin-based logic.

Lungs in space (w/video)

Nanomedicine research project could lead to new lung therapeutics.

Researchers create first 3D movie of a virus in action

Scientists have for the first time created a three-dimensional movie showing a virus preparing to infect a healthy cell.

New nanotechnology reporting rule from EPA

EPA issues guidance for new nanotechnology reporting and recordkeeping rule.

A multistable, shape-reconfigurable design for aluminum-air batteries

Researchers propose a new, multistable, shape-reconfigurable design combined with a battery packing concept that leads to 2D and 3D polymorphed states, while preserving the electrochemical functionality.

Exotic quantum states made from light

Physicists create optical 'wells' for a super-photon for the first time.

2-faced 2D material is a first

Materials scientists create flat sandwich of sulfur, molybdenum and selenium.

Researchers obtain decacene, the largest acene synthesised ever

Chemists have been able to generate elusive decacene, a molecule formed by the linear fusion of ten benzene rings, the longest acene prepared ever.

Single molecules can work as reproducible transistors - at room temperature

Engineers reproducibly achieve the current blockade effect using atomically precise molecules at room temperature, a result that could lead to shrinking electrical components and boosting data storage and computing power.

Researchers achieve major improvement for lensless computational microscopy

By employing special algorithms, researchers increased the resolution of obtained images without any changes in the technical characteristics of microscopes.

New SQUID-based detector opens up new fields of study with new level of sensitivity

Scientists have developed a new sensor array-based instrument that offers ultra-low noise detection of small amounts of energy for a number of applications.

Vapor harvesting gets the edge

Surface wettability has little effect on atmospheric water gathering, but edge structure is crucial.

Solar cells and light sensors - fewer defects from a 2D approach

Flatter materials have fewer imperfections, which makes for better solar cells and light sensors.

Fabricating hexagonal boron nitride foam for CO2 absorption

Scientists report a technique to fabricate lightweight 3D macroscopic porous structures formed from hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) nanosheets.

Achieving sub-30nm resolution with self-collapse lithography

Researchers demonstrate control of self-collapse behavior of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamps precisely at the nanoscale when integrated with chemical lift-off lithography to establish a new nanolithography method: self-collapse lithography.

Massive particles test standard quantum theory

First explicit bounds from interference experiments with matter waves.

New ultrathin semiconductor materials exceed some of silicon's 'secret' powers

Electrical engineers have identified two semiconductors - hafnium diselenide and zirconium diselenide - that share or even exceed some of silicon's desirable traits, starting with the fact that all three materials can 'rust'.

Simulation demonstrates how exposure to plasma makes carbon nanotubes grow

Scientists performed computer simulations showing that the plasma, a soup of atoms and electrically charged particles, can give carbon nanotubes a negative electrical charge.

3D cell culture platform based on direct laser written microtowers

Scientists describe the optimization of the fabrication process for a novel, detailed, 3D cell culture platform based on direct laser written tubular microtowers and human neuronal cells.

Flexible batteries power the future of wearable technology

The rapid development of wearable technology has received another boost from a new development using graphene for printed electronic devices.

Material-independent nanocoating antimicrobial spray extends the shelf life of produce

This new nanocoating process can be completed in seconds to form nanometer-thick films, allowing for the coating of commodity goods, such as shoe insoles and fruits, in a controlled fashion.